“The Mozilla Open Badges (Open Badge Infrastructure or OBI) project is a program by Mozilla that issues digital badges to recognize skills and achievements. The badge structure allows one to display real-world achievements and skills which may help with future career and education opportunities. The OBI allows badge issuers and developers to build badges, and allows online learners to choose from a number of different pathways for development.”
“2 Million Better Futures is a commitment to scale up the existing badge ecosystem to a national level to benefit 1 million workers and 1 million students by 2016.
Some K-12 schools, out of school programs, colleges and universities, and businesses and professional organizations already are using badges to certify and award skills and achievements that cannot adequately be measured by today’s standardized tests and traditional resumes or diplomas. Whether it’s video-editing skills gained in an out-of-school program, emergency medical training obtained during an overseas military assignment, or web programming or early childhood teaching skills learned on the job, badges can help learners get the recognition and certifications they deserve – and help employers hire and promote workers who have the creative, technical and higher-order thinking skills in demand in today’s economy.
The founding partners of this initiative – the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Mozilla, and HASTAC – have worked for several years to create the digital platforms needed to transform badging into a trusted, secure and portable certification process. With a fledgling ecosystem in place, the time is ripe for expansion. The founding partners are committed to providing the information and technical assistance needed to help business, professional, and academic institutions across the country incorporate badges into their hiring, promotion, admissions, and certification processes.”
“Open Educational Resources (OER) are freely accessible, usually openly licensed documents and media that are useful for teaching, learning, educational, assessment and research purposes. Although some people consider the use of an open format to be an essential characteristic of OER, this is not a universally acknowledged requirement.
The development and promotion of open educational resources is often motivated by a desire to curb the commodification of knowledge and provide an alternate or enhanced educational paradigm.”
“Creative Commons (CC) is a non-profit organization headquartered in Mountain View, California, United States devoted to expanding the range of creative works available for others to build upon legally and to share. The organization has released several copyright-licenses known as Creative Commons licenses free of charge to the public. These licenses allow creators to communicate which rights they reserve, and which rights they waive for the benefit of recipients or other creators. An easy-to-understand one-page explanation of rights, with associated visual symbols, explains the specifics of each Creative Commons license. Creative Commons licenses do not replace copyright, but are based upon it. They replace individual negotiations for specific rights between copyright owner (licensor) and licensee, which are necessary under an “all rights reserved” copyright management with a “some rights reserved” management employing standardized licenses for re-use cases where no commercial compensation is sought by the copyright owner. The result is an agile, low-overhead and low-cost copyright-management regime, profiting both copyright owners and licensees. Wikipedia uses one of these licenses.”